Aloe Vera : The Gelatinous Herbal Plant

Aloe Vera

Introduction to Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is a kind of evergreen perennial succulent plant that belongs to the Liliaceae family and genus Aloe. The genus name "Aloe" is thought to be derived from the Arabic word alloeh, which means "bitter and shiny substance" or from the Hebrew word ahalim. It is known by various names in different parts of the world but the common word Aloe is used in all of them like Chinese Aloe, Cape Aloe, or Barbados Aloe, to name a few.  It is widely distributed around the world and is considered an invasive species in many parts of the world. Its leaves contain a substantial amount of gel-like substance, which has many medicinal and other uses. It is also used for decorative purposes and is often placed indoors in a flower pot.

Botanical Details of Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is a little plant has a small stem and expands in a circular pattern as it grows. Its leaves green to grey-green in colour with. Some varieties have white flecks on their lower and upper stem surfaces. The leaves are plump and filled with a gel-like substance found inside and have a sawlike teeth on its margins. When fully grown, Aloe Vera can reach heights between 24 to 39 inches. Aloe Vera produces flowers in the summer, with a yellow tubular corolla 2-3 cm long. The leaves of Aloe Vera contain a significant amount of the polysaccharide gel called acemannan, which has various medical applications. However, the skin of the leaves holds aloin - a toxic substance. Therefore, Aloe Vera products typically only utilize the gel. The plant also has a mechanism which enables it to access mineral nutrients in the soil in a much better way. 

All in All, with sporting a tall flower spikes adorned with yellow or orange flowers, Aloe Vera plant is not only visually appealing but also offers valuable medicinal and decorative benefits.

Habitat of Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera can be found in numerous locations across the globe, including Nepal. In some regions, it's even considered an invasive species. Originally from the Arabian Peninsula, this evergreen plant thrives in tropical, semi-tropical, and arid climates. It is often commercially grown for use in topical treatments, but it also makes a great decorative indoor potted plant.

The Aloe Vera plant is easy to grow and can be cultivated both indoors and outdoors. It prefers well-drained sandy or loamy soil and needs plenty of sunlight. Aloe Vera is from arid regions and is drought-tolerant. It can be propagated through "pups" from the mature plant. It grows in tropical and subtropical areas around the world but cannot survive in extremely cold conditions. Aloe Vera stores water in its leaves and can withstand periods of drought. It prefers bright, indirect sunlight.

Distribution of Aloe Vera in Nepal

In Nepal, Aloe Vera farming is a fairly new business, but it's growing quickly. The climate and soil here are perfect for this plant, and it's not expensive to grow. Most Aloe Vera farming happens in the western and central parts of Nepal, in districts like Banke, Bardiya, Kailali, Rupandehi, Kapilvastu, Nawalparasi, Dhading, and Chitwan. The industry is still young, but it could become a big deal for the country's farmers and business owners with some better plan and management from the concerned authorities. Also, many people use this as their indoor plant for decoration purpose.

Medicinal Uses of Aloe Vera

For centuries, Aloe Vera has been celebrated for its incredible healing capabilities.  Its leaves contain a variety of beneficial compounds such as vitamins, minerals, enzymes, and antioxidants. The gel tucked inside its leaves helps with healing and moisturizing the skin, making it an excellent remedy for various skin problems like burns, cuts, and sunburns alike. Many people also believe that this versatile plant boasts anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties that can help provide relief from acne, eczema, and even psoriasis. Some of the common ways people use Aloe Vera gel for medicinal purposes include: 

Skin Care

Aloe Vera gel soothes and hydrates the skin, making it a favorite in skincare products. It helps ease sunburn, moisturize dry skin, lessen acne, and support wound recovery.

Digestive Health

Aloe Vera gel is recognized for potentially enhancing digestion and easing digestive problems. It might help calm gastrointestinal issues like acid reflux, indigestion, and irritable bowel syndrome.

Immune System Support

Aloe Vera has compounds that could boost immune function, assisting the body in combating infections and diseases.

Wound Healing

Aloe Vera gel possesses antimicrobial properties and may speed up the healing of wounds, cuts, and burns.

Oral Health

Aloe Vera gel can be applied topically or taken orally to improve oral health. It might help decrease gum swelling, alleviate mouth ulcers, and freshen the breath.

Other Potential Benefits

Aloe Vera has been found to offer additional possible health advantages, including lowering blood sugar levels, increasing energy levels, and enhancing hair and nail health. However, more studies are required to confirm these benefits.

Be cautious when consuming Aloe Vera extracts, as they can pose health risks - especially for pregnant women. Additionally, some individuals may experience allergic reactions even when applying Aloe Vera to their skin.

Non-Medicinal Uses of Aloe Vera

Besides being used for medicinal purposes, it also has several other useful non-medicinal uses and benefits.  Aloe Vera gel is sometimes used in food, mainly in drinks and sweet treats. You can add it to smoothies, juices, and herbal teas for potential health perks. But we should just remember to only use the gel from the inner leaf, as the outer leaf has a yellow sap that might cause a laxative effect and could be harmful if you consume too much. Hence, some caution is required while using the Aloe Vera.

Commercially Available Products of Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera has found its way into a number of products that harness in natural goodness. These products are tailored to various specific needs. From soothing Aloe Vera gels and lotions for skincare to Aloe Vera juices and supplements for internal wellness, the market offers an array of choices. But what is common in all products is that they all are prepared using the gel or extracts from its leaves. While buying the products, we should always try to choose reputable brands and read product labels to ensure the quality and purity of Aloe Vera used. Now, Lets look at some of the common products of Aloe Vera that are available in the market: 

Aloe Vera Gel

It is a popular product for soothing and moisturizing the skin and also healing wounds. It is commonly used for sunburn relief, as a hydrating face mask, or as a base ingredient in skincare formulations.

Aloe Vera Juice

Consumed as a health beverage, it is believed to have various benefits like aiding digestion, promoting hydration, and supporting immune health. 

Skincare Products

Aloe Vera appears in many skincare items such as moisturizers, lotions, creams, and face masks. They hydrate and calm irritated skin while maintaining a healthy glow.

Hair care Products

Shampoos, conditioners, and hair serums with Aloe Vera may help keep the scalp healthy, encourage hair growth, and moisturize your locks.

Dietary Supplements

Capsules and Tablets containing Aloe Vera extracts, often used to support digestive health, boost the immune system, or provide overall wellness. 

Aloe Vera Drinks

Ready-to-drink Aloe Vera beverages available in various flavors. They often mix Aloe Vera gel with fruit juices to create a tasteful and potentially healthy drink.

Aloe Vera Extracts

These concentrated forms of Aloe Vera's goodness come in tinctures or liquids meant for specific uses like skincare formulas or DIY remedies.


To sum up, Aloe Vera is an amazing plant with many health advantages and potential perks. It's widely grown and cherished for its healing powers, making it a favorite in gardens, homes, and the world of skin care. Plus its decorative image increases its importance. It is usually safe in most cases, however, one should keep in mind that aloe Vera can mix with some medications, so it's crucial to chat with your doctor before using it.